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The history of video games goes as far back as the early 1950s, when academic computer scientists began designing simple games and simulations as part of their research.
From 1976 to 1992, the second generation of video consoles emerged.Because these games were largely developed on unique hardware in a time when porting between systems was difficult and were often dismantled or discarded after serving their limited purposes, they did not generally influence further developments in the industry.For the same reason, it is impossible to be certain who developed the first computer game or who originally modeled many of the games or play mechanics introduced during the decade, as there are likely several games from this period that were never publicized and are thus unknown today.This definition would preclude early computer games that outputted results to a printer or teletype rather than a display, any game rendered on a vector-scan monitor, any game played on a modern high definition display, and most handheld game systems.Today, however, the term "video game" has completely shed its purely technical definition and encompasses a wider range of technology.
Since the 1980s, video gaming has become a popular form of entertainment and a part of modern popular culture in most parts of the world. During the 1970s, the first generation of home consoles emerged, including the popular game Pong and various "clones".